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Knowing right from wrong

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How are we to learn the difference between right and wrong? Although there is some overlap of approach between the two cultures, Spanish popular texts tended to cover the whole life period, and suggested that bad ways in early life led towards bad ways in maturity, and an unpleasant end. The stories were often told in aleluyas, a traditional form of Spanish street-literature in large single sheets based on images to aid those who could not read the words. They illustrate the different lives of those who choose to do right – what you are required by society to do – and those who choose to do wrong.

English writings of this type focused on warning children against bad habits at an early age, in the hope that they would grow up to be respectable adults; bad habits left unchecked could cause more serious problems in later life. Both Spanish and English narratives indicated that there is some freedom of choice in our actions.