Jean-Louis Chancel (1899–1977), Livre noir, 1939–1945: trente planches, préface d’André Billy (3)

Paris: Éditions de La Nouvelle France, [1945]

‘Retour des déportés’ (return of the exiles): around one million French prisoners did not return to France until after the end of the war in May 1945; the shame of ‘Les tondus inconnus’ (the shaven headed unknowns) was mirrored by ‘les femmes tondues’ (the shaven headed women), who were punished for their collaboration with the Germans.

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