All citizens of the Islamic Empire had the right to petition the ruler directly to seek justice. This petition, probably penned by a professional scribe, is from a Jew living in the Nile Delta. It addresses the famous Saladin, Salah al-Dunya wa-l-Din, described as ‘the Conqueror of the Slaves of the Cross, Sultan of Islam and the Muslims’. The Jew had been forced to work as a tax collector and informant for the government. This has damaged his reputation, and he asks Saladin to be relieved of these responsibilities.
Egypt, 12th century
Arabic, paper, Malij